develop basal cell carcinomawhen the cells of
the outermost layer of your skin damaged and multiply abnormally. Most common factors that can cause
skin cells to mutate and become cancerous
UV Rays and
Sunburn – basal cell
carcinoma develops from cells in the epidermis, mostly the epidermal cells of head and
neck. The tumor develops most often on parts of the body that are exposed to sunlight. This is why people who
are frequently and extensively exposed to sunlight are more victims of skin cancers, including basal cell
carcinoma. Therefore, chronic exposure to UV radiation and frequent sunburns are considered as two major risk
factors of basal cell carcinoma.
exposure to certain chemicals -
environmental factors such as certain herbicides, some petroleum products, arsenic exposure, may contribute to
the development of basal cell
carcinoma and other cancers. The risk is even higher in people predisposed
to the disease or those start those habits from their childhood.
Inherited disorders – certain genetic medical conditions such as
Gorlin's syndrome (nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome), Bazex's syndrome and xeroderma pigmentosum are found
to increase the risk of basal
Immunosuppressivemedications – prolonged use of agentsor
drugs that inhibit or weaken the immune system can lead to not
only basal cell carcinoma but all other types of cancers.
wounds - chronic
skin ulcers and/or wounds may
contribute to the occurrence of basal cell carcinoma.