Cervical Cancer Symptoms and Treatment Options
cervix is located at the end of the uterus in women. The opening of
the cervix leads to the upper part of the vagina. Cancer can affect
many parts of the body including the tissues which make up the cervix. It can grow rapidly and spread to other parts of the body. Cervical cancer is the second most common form of cancer in women and over
11,000 new cases are identified in the US each year on the average.
As with virtually every other kind of cancer, identification and treatment of the disease in the earliest stages
provides the best chance of full recovery. So we’ll discuss
cervical cancer and its symptoms and treatment in more detail here.
cancer normally begins when cancer cells form and grow within the cervix. It tends to affects women who are between 40 and 55 years of
age. No one is quite sure what causes cervical cancer but
several factors seem to increase the risk of developing this disease. These include having a previous viral infection; having multiple sex
partners; use of oral contraceptives; and use of tobacco. Other
factors which can increase the risk of developing the disease include contracting sexually transmitted
diseases like syphilis, gonorrhea, or HIV. A weak immune system
can also play an important role.
This disease can be very life threatening since there may not be much noticeable symptoms until the cancer has
progressed to severe levels. But if one pays particular attention to the following symptoms, it may be possible to
detect the cancer earlier in the cycle. So be alert for these changes:
Pain in the pelvic area during
Unusual vaginal bleeding between
Menstrual periods which are longer
and heavier than usual
Unusual vaginal bleeding after
Any of these symptoms
should be investigated further. But one of the best ways to detect cervical cancer in its early stages is to
receive a Pap smear test regularly. Any type of test which can be used in an HPV screening test to detect the
presence of the HPV virus. If the presence of cancer is indicated by these tests, further tests like a
colposcopy, biopsy or cone biopsy are performed to investigate the tissues and determine the presence of cancer
cervical cancer is diagnosed in the early stages, treatment is focused on removing as much of the cancerous
tissue as possible. Treatments can include a cone biopsy, laser
surgery, cryosurgery, or a hysterectomy. In most cases no
additional treatment is required.
the cancer has become more widespread, surgical procedures like a hysterectomy may be followed by chemotherapy
or radiation therapy to kill as many remaining cancer cells as possible. If the cancer has become very widespread and has invaded other organs, it
becomes much more difficult to treat this cancer effectively.
Treatments would then be focused on controlling the growth of the cancer throughout the body and extending the
patient’s life as long as possible. This is why it is so vital to
seek regular screening tests to diagnose the presence of the disease in its earliest stages. In this way the patient can achieve a full recovery versus a much more
significant and threatening situation.