Cancer Risk Factors
estimated at 5.3% the overall risk for developing colorectal cancer; three persons out fifty seven will have
colorectal cancer in their lifetime. Many factors seem to contribute to the occurrence of the disease:
- Geography - the incidence of colorectal cancer is higher in
- Age - almost 90% of colorectal cancer occur among people
over 50 years old.
- Sex - although the disease affects both men and women,
the frequency of colorectal cancer is slightly higher among men.
diseases - some
inflammatory bowel disorders such as Crohn's disease (also called granulomatous colitis or regional
enteritis) and ulcerative colitis increase the risk of developing colon cancer.
studies have shown that colorectal cancer is more common among type 2 diabetics than people who are not
- if you
want to decrease your chances of colorectal cancer, it is necessary to eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
In addition, you need to reduce or completely eliminate red meat, grilled meats, trans fats and saturated fats in your
- Obesity - medical conditions that can result from obesity or
overweight are enormous. In fact, it is believed that obesity may play a role in the development of all
type of cancers including but not limited to: esophageal cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, endometrial
cancer and kidney cancer.
- Smoking - cigarette smoke (including second hand) and
chewing tobacco are major causative factors for many types of cancers. Your risk is higher if you start
smoking at young age.
- Personal or family history of colorectal
cancer - If you or your
family members have a history of colorectal cancer or polyps your chance of developing the disease is
higher than people who do not.
- Genetics - studies have shown that some victims of colorectal
cancer can contract the disease due to hereditary predisposition. However, this is rare; over 75% of cases
of colorectal cancer have nothing to do with familial predisposition. The two most common forms of
colorectal cancer that are related to genetic factors are hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (also called
HNPCC or Lynch syndrome), accounts for approximately 5% of colorectal cancers; and familial
adenomatous polyposis (FAP), involves
in about 1% of all colorectal cancer cases.
researches have shown a connection between heavy alcohol consumption and cancers of the digestive tract and
other organs of the body: colon cancer, rectal cancer, esophageal cancer, laryngeal cancer, liver cancer,
oral cancer, pharyngeal cancer, and even breast cancer. Moderate or occasional alcohol consumption presents
inactivity - in
addition to cardiovascular disease and obesity, physical inactivity is one of the leading factors for the
formation of cancerous cells. Regular physical activity, in the other hand, improves your fitness and
reduces the risk of a variety of diseases including colorectal cancer.