Initially, your doctor will ask you
questions about the signs and symptoms related to gallbladder cancer. In addition, he will seek to know your
medical history. These approaches, however, are not enough to confirm the diagnosis; other more specific tests
Blood test – a blood test cannot confirm a gallbladder cancer; it is
however, important to determine the function of your liver; certain gallbladder cancer symptoms such as jaundice
tend to be similar to those of liver disease.
Imaging techniques – usually, presence of gallbladder cancer is confirmed
using CT scan, ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Ultrasound - this medical technique allows your doctor to detect in
the bladder presence of acoustic shadows caused by gallbladder stones. In addition, the ultrasound can reveal an
intraluminal mass, a vivid indicative of a tumor of the gallbladder.
CT scan: this test allows your physician to detect thickening of
the gallbladder wall and/or the presence of a polypoid mass within the gallbladder. If the cancer has already
metastasized, the CT scan will reveal signs of liver invasion by an adjacent gallbladder tumor; the test can
also reveal metastasis in the lymph nodes or liver.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – a MRI is an imaging
technique used to create image of your gallbladder by applying a combination of electromagnetic waves at high
frequency. To enhance the tumor, your health care will inject a liquid into your vein. The magnetic resonance
imaging (MRI) allows your doctor to detect not only the malignancy but also presence of metastasis.
sometimes, imaging techniques cannot distinguish between an inflammatory mass and a tumor, the diagnosis will
then be confirmed by a surgical procedure called laparoscopy. Laparoscopy allows your doctor to detect not only
the cancer but also discover if the tumor has already spread to other organs.