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Liver Cancer Risk Factors 

Liver cancer is a multifactorial disease; its occurrence is not attributed to one factor. The most common factors that may increase your risk of becoming a victim of liver cancer include: 

  • Being male - men are about three times more affected by liver cancer than women.  
  • Age - in North America, Europe and Australia, the diagnosis of liver cancer is frequently posed among people aged 63 years or more; in Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, however, the disease tends to affect people aged between 20 and 50 years old.   
  • Liver disease - any chronic liver disease that is linked to excessive consumption of alcohol, hepatitis viruses B and C can lead to development of liver cancer.  
  • Obesity – being obese or overweight increase the chance of having many types of cancer, including liver cancer.  
  • Diabetes - studies have shown a higher risk of liver cancer among diabetic people than those who are not diabetics. 
  • Hemochromatosis – this is a hematological disease characterized by excessive absorption of iron by the intestine causing its accumulation in certain tissues and organs; having hemochromatosis put you at higher risk of liver cancer. In addition, if you suffer from autoimmune hepatitis or Wilson's disease, you have an increased risk of liver cancer.  
  • Alcohol - if you consume daily for many years a large quantity of alcohol, you not only increase your risk of liver cirrhosis but also liver cancer.  
  • Cirrhosis - liver cancer develops most often in liver affected by cirrhosis. 
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) any fatty inflammation of the liver, even when is not caused by excessive alcohol consumption, can foster the development of cancer cells in the liver gland.  


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