Cancer Symptoms and Treatment Options
Lung cancer holds the
dubious distinction of causing more deaths than just about any other type of cancer. But like all other cancer types, it has the best potential to be effectively
treated if it is diagnosed in the early stages of the disease. So it
is vital that men and women pay close attention to the important lung cancer symptoms in order to help to identify
the early stages of this devastating disease.
Lung cancer strikes both men and women
and tends to develop in people who are between 45 to 70 years of age.
Lung cancer is a type of disease where cancer cells grow in the tissues of the lungs. The disease may have started there or it could be the result of another type of
cancer which spread to the lungs.
It has been found and confirmed by many scientific
studies that people who smoke have a significantly higher risk of developing lung cancer than non-smokers.
However non-smokers can develop the disease as well. Age, diet, lifestyle and family history can all increase
the risk of someone eventually developing the disease. This disease may have minimal symptoms in the early
stages. However there are some telltale signs so the following should be noted:
Chronic or persistent cough which
does not go away
Coughing up blood
Shortness of breath
Fatigue and weakness
Unexpected weight loss
A loss of appetite
Unusual swelling of the neck or face
Respiratory infections like
pneumonia or bronchitis
Unusual growth in the fingernails or
Pain or swelling in the joints
Pain in the bones
If you experience any of
these symptoms, you should contact your doctor and get it checked out. It is also very important to receive
regular medical screening and checkups. It was found that about 25% of all lung cancer cases are diagnosed
during a routine X-ray. Up to that point, the patients reported no discernable symptoms of lung cancer.
There are a number of ways to diagnose
lung cancer but a chest x-ray is probably the most common and effective method. If there appears to be evidence of a tumor in the lungs, more tests are usually
ordered. This can include MRI and other imaging
tests. In addition a biopsy of the infected tissue is almost
always performed in order to assess the presence of cancer cells.
cancer is caught in the early stages, then surgical techniques may be used to remove as much of the cancerous
tissue as possible. Or if the cancer cannot be reached with
surgical techniques, then other kinds of treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be applied to
kill the cancer cells and shrink the tumors.
cancer has spread from other parts of the body or if it has spread to other parts of the body, it is usually
much more difficult to pursue treatment which can cure the cancer.
Rather the primary emphasis is on controlling the disease and its progression of the cancer. If the growth of the cancer can be stopped or reversed somewhat, it can bring
a better of life to the patient. The goal is to extend the life of
the lung cancer patient for as long as possible.