Diagnosis, Treatment and prevention
At the beginning
can be completely asymptomatic, causing no pain or
symptoms early in the disease. Only regular checkup by
a dentist or doctor can help to detect it
early. When detecting the cancer
early, the treatment is more
cancers are diagnosed by examining the signs and symptoms experienced the patient: ulcers, wounds, abnormal
swellings, and others. However, to confirm a mouth
cancer diagnosis, the doctor often recommend several
tests such as x-rays, laboratory
analyzes ultrasound, computed
tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). After these procedures confirm
the presence of a tumor in the oral tissue, a biopsy (taking a
small tissue sample to be observed microscope) will be performed to confirm the presence of
These tests are important to confirm the diagnosis and
determine if the cancer has spread. Mouth cancer can spread to lymph
nodes in the neck. Although rare, the tumor can also
spread to the bones, liver and lungs.
Mouth Cancer Treatment
Mouth cancer treatment
varies depending on the extent of the cancer and health status of the
patient. The type of oral organ affected by the tumor can also play in determining the treatment.
Radiotherapy (radiation therapy),
surgery (surgical therapy) and chemotherapy, separately
or in combination, are part of the conventional mouth
Radiation therapy is, most of the times, the primary mode of
treatment of mouth cancer after surgery. Radiotherapy is also
used to relieve pain in patient with advanced cancer which can be difficult to be treated with surgical therapy.
reactions to this
treatment vary depending on the surface irradiated.
But most common side effects of mouth cancer radiation include:
irritation of the mouth
difficulty to open the mouth
Radiation can also cause dry mouth,
which can be permanent or lasting for years
the radiation can affect the teeth and gum, leading to dental problems.
mouth cancer treatment option for tumors that are not too aggressive to be surgically removed. When
the cancer is removed before it has spread to the lymph nodes, the cure rate is much better, and
the surgery is less extensive. Surgery can also be performed to remove
lymph nodes and to rebuild parts
of the mouth or face that were removed by the surgery
(cancer resection surgery).
Common side effects after surgery for Oral Cancer include:
in the area of the surgery
in your mouth or neck
swallowing, eating, or talking
infection, bleeding, or oozing from the cut
weakness, which can occasionally occur after removal of lymph nodes from your neck.
typically reserved for advanced mouth cancers that have spread to local or
distant organs in the body. It usually is combined with other treatments or therapies such as surgery and/or radiation.
Side effects that may be
associated with the mouth cancer chemotherapy include:
Feeling sick (malaise)
Decreased number of blood
A sore mouth and mouth
Feeling tired and run
Most mouth cancer cases
can be prevented by not smoking or avoiding alcohol. Avoid prolonged or regular exposure
to the sun can also reduce the risk of
cancer of the lip.
Mouth Cancer Symptoms