Oral Cancer (Mouth Cancer) Risk Factors
risk factors for oral cancer are not known; in fact, nearly 25% of cases of oral cancer are not associated with
any suspected risk factor. The following conditions can increase your chance of developing mouth cancer:
- Age – oral cancer is more frequent among people aged 50
- Gender - men are twice more affected by oral cancer than
women. This difference, however, have begun to decline because of growing number of women who smoke and/or
heavily consume alcohol.
- Smoking – cigarette smoke is considered as the prime factor
of oral cancer; the risk is much greater when tobacco is associated with alcohol abuse.
- Alcohol – moderate alcohol consumption represents no risk;
excessive alcohol use, especially in combination with smoking, is a major cause of mouth
- Prolonged exposure to sunlight
– overexposing your lip to sunlight can
cause formation of cancerous cells in its tissue.
- Infection - poorly or untreated human papillomavirus (HPV)
infection may provoke formation of a malignancy in your mouth.
- Radiotherapy - radiation treatments in the head or neck area can
damage healthy cells in your mouth and cause them to turn into cancerous.