cancer is a serious threat to the health and well-being of men. It
is a very serious form of cancer and took the lives of 144,926 American men between 2003 and 2007. According to
the National Cancer Institute, It is
estimated241,740new cases and 28,178
deaths from prostate cancer in the United States in 2012. We will
discuss some of the causes, symptoms and treatments for this disease.
cancer affects the prostate which is the organ which produces the seminal fluid to carry sperm. As with many other types of cancer, early detection and treatment are
essential in helping the patient to make a full recovery.
cancer is cancer that starts in the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-sized structure that makes
up part of a man's reproductive system. It wraps around the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the
factors can increase the risk of developing this disease. For some
reason, African-American men tend to develop it on a more frequent basis than the norm. It also tends to occur in men who are over the age of 60 and is rarely found
in younger men. Those men who have a close family member who
developed the disease like their father or brother are at higher risk. And men who have abused alcohol for many years are generally at higher
Diet can also
play a role as it is found that men who eat a good deal of animal fat have a higher than normal risk of
developing prostate cancer. And the environment can play a role as
workers who have been exposed to cadmium, tire plant workers and painters are at higher risk.
A PSA blood
test is often used to screen men for prostate cancer. It is
effective in identifying the disease in its early stages. However
if the disease has progressed further, symptoms can include a slow start to urination; dribbling or leakage of
urine after urinating; a slow urinary stream; blood in the urine or semen; or bone pain or tenderness in the
lower back and pelvic bones.
A biopsy is
the best way to confirm if you have the presence of prostate cancer. A biopsy is usually recommended if the results of the PSA test are high and a
rectal exam shows the prostate to be hard or uneven.
will provide what is called the Gleason score to judge the extent of the cancer and assess whether or not it has
spread to other organs. Other tests like a CT scan or bone scan may
assess the extent of this cancer spread.
will depend on the severity of the cancer and overall health of the patient. A surgical procedure like a radical prostatectomy will remove the affected
prostate. Radiation therapy may be used as well. The most common types of radiation therapy include brachytherapy and proton
And if it
found that the cancer has spread, hormone therapy, other surgical procedures or chemotherapy may be used to
limit the spread and hopefully put the disease into remission.