cancer occurs when some cells of the tongue experience DNA damage and start growing and reproducing at an abnormal rapidity without dying as normal cells do
during apoptosis, process of
programmed cell death (PCD). Almost
half of this malignancy develops on the rear
part of the tongue, and about 95 percent of cases are
a type of cancer known as squamous
cell carcinoma. In this type of tongue cancer, the epithelialtissue (epithelium) first becomes cancerous.
tongue is an important organ located in the oral cavity, which plays an important
role in chewing food (mastication), swallowing and phonation (producing soundssuch as speech). It is also the organ of taste; that is, you cannot enjoy a good meal without
your tongue. It is a highly vascularized organ. For
instance, the pressures developed by the
tongue on the teeth are able to move them. When it becomes cancerous, all these function can be impaired.
and Risk Factors of Tongue Cancer
is a variety of risk factors that are known to increase the
risk of a person to develop tongue cancer. The more
risk factors you are subject to the higher your risk of
contracting this disease. The most common tongue cancer risk factors include:
environment- living in a
the air is seriously polluted
Lifestyle– this includes many
factors such as poor oral and / or dental hygiene
use – it is estimated that up
to 90% patients with oral
cancer were smoking tobacco. The
risks increase with the amount smoked. Cancers of the mouth are six times more common among smokers (including ex-smokers) than among nonsmokers.
The good news the risks may be reversible if you stop smoking. Earlier you stop better is your chance to not have
consumption- about 75
of patients who develop oral cancers are drinkers. The disease is
found to be six times higher among drinkers
than non-drinkers. The risk of having
tongue cancer for individuals who smokes tobacco and
drinking alcohol is 15 times higher than
people who do not drink or smoke.
gender - Most
people who have this cancer are
between 50 and 60 years. Men are
more at risk of developing tongue
cancer than women are.
– a disease that
causes thick white patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue and the lining of the
cheeks. It can lead to cancer in individuals with weakened immune system if left untreated.
is characterized by red spots on the lining of the mouth. It increases the
risk for tongue cancer.
Plummer-Vinson syndrome(also called
Paterson–Brown–Kelly syndromeor sideropenic dysphagia) - a rare
disorder often resulted of
nutritional deficiencies, mainly long-term or chronic iron deficiency
Tongue Cancer Symptoms and