Urethral cancer symptoms may be
neglected at the beginning by most patients the fact that other conditions may cause the similar symptoms. At
the genesis of the cancer, it can be completely asymptomatic, causing no symptoms at all. In addition, warning
urethral cancer tend to be variable.Some of
urethral cancer symptoms
Weak or interrupted flow of
Frequent or urgent need to
Enlarged lymph nodes in the groin
Discharge from the urethralopening or vagina
lump or thickness in the
perineum or penis
Bleeding from the urethra which
causes presence of blood in the urine.
conditions can also be resulted from other medical conditions, they are typical symptoms of the disease. It is
recommended to any individual to see a health care provider if he experiences any of the above
Urethral Cancer Diagnosis
Due to the lack of specificity of the
symptoms, urethral cancer diagnosis is often delayed, which worsens the prognosis. The diagnosis is based on
physical exams, blood analysis, imaging techniques, and biopsies under anesthesia.
exam: usually, the first step
is a physical exam of the patient to search for signs of the disease and other medical conditions that cause the
similar symptoms, such as lumps. A history of the patient's health
status and medical history (past illnesses, treatments…) will also be considered. In addition,
inquire about the symptoms, which are present
in 94% of cases.
the physical exam, it is possible for the physician to perform an exam of the rectum. During the procedure, the specialist
inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the lower part of the rectum to search for lumps or anything else that
If the cancer locates in
the anterior urethra, the diagnosis is
even easier. Obstructive symptoms are most consistent. For instance, bleeding is present
in 20-62% of cases, irritative
symptomsin 20% of
cases; presence of bloodin urine (hematuria) leads to
diagnosis in 17% of cases; pelvic floor
pain is present in 11-33% of cases
Clinical exam - Imagining techniques, such
as CT scan
(CAT scan) and MR,are also
cancer diagnostic procedures.
Taking picture of the internal organ usually reveals urethral or perineal mass
in up to 52% of cases. The lymph
nodes are affected in 30% of cases. About 90% of metastatic lymph nodes can be seen
and touched(palpable) by the
patient. The initial clinical examination can be complemented
by other diagnostic procedures, and coupled with urethrocystoscopy (or cystoscopy) and biopsy to accurately confirm the diagnosis.
Biopsy: this medical procedure is the key
to search and confirm the presence of cancer cells in the urethra. During the procedure, the pathologist take
tissue samples from the urethra, bladder, and, sometimes, the prostate gland to analyze under a microscope. The
biopsy is generally performed under anesthesia.
diagnosis may also include urinalysis, to
check the color of urine and its contents, such as sugar, protein, blood, and white blood cells;
Blood chemistrytests, to measure the amounts of certain substances
released into the blood by organs and tissues in the body; and complete
blood count (CBC), to determine the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, as well as
the amount of hemoglobin in the red blood cells.
Urethral Cancer Description and
Urethral Cancer Treatment