Uterine Sarcoma Diagnosis and Stages
If a woman has uterine
sarcoma symptoms, her health care provider will recommend some tests along with a gynecological exam to rule
out or perform more sophisticated procedures to confirm the presence of the cancer in her uterus. During the
examination, the doctor will palpate the pelvic organs looking for lumps or changes in size.
A smear can also be done during the gynecological exam. Using a bit of cotton wool at the end of a stick or a small
brush, the specialist gently scrapes the outside of the cervix and vagina to collect a few cells. As uterine
sarcoma develops within the uterus, it is generally not detected by the smear. This is why the doctor may perform
a dilation and
curettage(D&C) by opening the cervix to
introduce a small spoon-shaped instrument to remove a tiny tissue of the lining of the uterus. These samples
are then examined under a microscope searching for cancer cells to accurately confirm the patient has uterine
Uterine Sarcoma Stages
The survival or chance of recovery (prognosis) and treatment recommended to the patient depends on the stage of the
sarcoma at diagnosis. A cancer of the uterus located only in the uterus will have a treatment different from one
that has spread to other tissues or organs in the body. In addition, the general health of the patient is usually
considered in the final choice of the treatment.
Therefore, when a woman is diagnosed with uterine sarcoma, other tests are usually performed to determine the stage
of the cancer, which allows the doctor to decide the best treatment possible. The following stages are used to
describe uterine sarcoma:
Stage I: Cancer is found only in the main part of the uterus (not the
Stage II: Cancer cells have spread to the cervix, but not outside the
Stage III: Cancer cells have spread outside the uterus but not outside
Stage IV: The cancer cells have spread outside the pelvis to other
parts of the body or within the bladder or rectum.
Recurring: in this case, the cancer has recurred after treatment.
Uterine Sarcoma Causes and
Uterine Sarcoma Treatment