Broccoflower, also called Romanesco broccoli, Roman cauliflower, Broccolo Romanesco, Romanesque cauliflower, or simply Romanesco, is a variety of cauliflower resembling broccoli by its apple green and cauliflower by its compact shape, but consists of a set of “pyramidal florets” arranged in spiral crowns. Due to its geometric shape (fractal), it is very special and decorative.
In fact, among the entire family of cabbage, broccoflower is probably the most attractive and decorative. As a friend loves to say, it is impossible not to recognize this wonderful vegetable. Its taste is mild with a distinct flavor that combines the flavors of cauliflower and broccoli but a little nutty. Children love it. But in addition to taste and beauty, romanesco has many nutritional values and excellent health benefits.
Broccoflower Health Benefits
Several epidemiological studies have shown that a high consumption of fruits and vegetables decreased the risk of cardiovascular disease, certain cancers and other chronic diseases declared incurable by the conventional medicine. The presence of antioxidants in fruits and vegetables may play a role in that protection. Among these cancer-fighting vegetables include the beautiful broccoflower.
Low in calories, Roman cauliflower is an excellent anti-aging food. Like other varieties of cruciferous, it has protective properties against certain cancers: colon, liver, prostate, and others. Fiber and vitamin C are also very present in this beautiful healthy vegetable. Although few studies have been conducted on Romanesco, research has shown it is a powerful anti-cancer.
Broccoflower and Cancer
Several studies have shown that regular consumption of vegetables from the cruciferous family – Romanesco, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale – could prevent some cancers, such as lung cancer, ovarian and kidney cancers. In animal studies, it is revealed that adding broccoflower in the diet promotes the action of a gene linked to the prevention of lung cancer.
Although controversial, certain specialists believe consumption of the family of cruciferous vegetables reduces the risk of all types of cancer. A recent report published on The Cancer Journal shows that cruciferous vegetables have a specific protective effect on cancer risk. Current epidemiological studies indicate over consumption of vegetables from the cruciferous family would especially reduce the risk of cancers of stomach and lung. But additional research is required to clarify this controversy.
In vitro and animal studies have shown that some active compounds, indole-3-carbinol for instance, contained in Roman cauliflower could prevent tumor formation, decrease the growth of cancer cells and promote their self-destruction (apoptosis). Although these studies mainly focus on hormone-dependent cancers- breast cancer, prostate cancer- the results also show a beneficial effect against cervical cancer. Further research is needed before confirming these results in humans.
Broccoflower and Metastatic Cancer
Considering the currently available literature data suggest that frequent consumption of vegetables from the cruciferous family reduces the risk of metastatic cancer in some patients. That is, if you have been diagnosed with cancer, increase your intake of cauliflower, kale, broccoli, cabbage, and watercress, can help you keep the tumor under control.
Is It True Eating Too Much Cruciferous Can Cause Thyroid Cancer?
Cruciferous naturally contain thioglycosides, substances that have been found to have a connection with the development thyroid cancer in animals. However, a meta-analysis of studies from many countries and with more than 5000 people as well as a review involving many epidemiological studies have shown that a high consumption of Romanesco and other cruciferous was not associated with any increased risk of thyroid cancer in humans.
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