Cervical cancer (cancer of the cervix) is a malignant growth that develops in the tissues of the cervix, one of the organs of women reproductive tract which locates between the uterus and vagina. Although the malignancy can be due to other pathogenic factors, cervical cancer is often caused by a sexually transmitted virus called HPV (Human Papillomavirus) infection.
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are a group of small DNA viruses that infect the skin and mucous membranes, especially the genital area. In people with strong immune, HPV do not cause health problems. In fragile individuals, however, they can cause the development of warts, papillomas or other diseases. In fact, approximately 70% of HPV infections are transient; your immune system prevents the proliferation of the viruses and disease associated with them. However, for some, unfortunately, infection with HPV, especially HPV16 and HPV18, persists and leads to cancer of the cervix (cervical cancer).