While recent statists have revealed that the incidence of colorectalcancer is declining in the general population, it is not the case for colon cancer in young adults, according to a recent study conducted by theJournal of the American Medical Association(JAMA).
It was great news to hear the decline of colorectal cancer in the past few years after the study came out. But this recent research has proven something bitter to swallow; colon cancer decreases is only in the older population; it is increasing among older youth, according to a study publishedNovember 5 of this year (2014) by JAMA Surgery. To conclude these results, Dr. Christina Baileyof the Department of SurgicalOncology, University of Texas analyzed data from the NationalCancer Institute, which spread from 1975 to 2010.
Dr. Christina Bailey has noticed that, over a period of 35 years, the incidence of colorectal cancerhas declined by about 1% per year during this period in men and women 50 years and older. Butthe number of cases diagnosed in individuals aged 20-34 years were increasing by 2% per year. In the age group 35-49 years, the annual increase was 0.5%. According to Dr. Bailey, if thetrend continues, the incidence of colon cancer could increase by 90% by 2030, while the risk of developing rectal cancer could grow by 142.2% in 20-34 year old. Among those aged 35 to 49people, the increase would be 27.7% for colon cancer and 46% for cancer of the rectum.
Uncertainty of potential causes remains
Although the study has revealed the effects, it is difficult at this time to determine the causes ofthe increase of colon cancer. The researchers just speculate potential factors which can lead to these unsatisfying results. Dr. Christina Bailey commented that “the increase in the incidence ofcolorectal cancer among young adults is alarming, and underlines the need to investigate its possible causes and the influence of external parameters such as the lack of screening andbehavioral factors”.
Other medical specialists such as Dr. Jules Garbus, colorectal surgeon at Winthrop University Hospital in the state of New York, stated that “The diet and lifestyle of this population must becarefully analyzed.” Additionally, the doctor pointed out the importance to study genetic links that can lead to the increases.
Consuming unhealthy foods is a risk factor of the occurrence of many cancers, including colorectal cancer. Therefore, eating a balanced diet, according to the recommendations of the National Health and Nutrition Program, and maintaining a healthy weight are important elements in cancer prevention. Overweight and obesity have in fact recognized in the occurrence of not only colon cancer but as well as, kidney cancer, rectal cancer, esophageal cancer and liver cancer.
The same, certain foods can also help to prevent cancer. This is the case of fruit and cruciferous vegetables in general, through their effects on overweight, but also because of their fiber content that would help reduce the risk of formation of tumor cells. Certain vegetables such as moringa, watercress, kale, broccoli, graviola must not be neglected in your tentative to prevent colon cancer. Fore more information, visit our cancer prevention section