Endometrial cancer is not attributable to a unique cause, several factors are suspected in the development of the disease. Some risk factors such as age and menopause are unpreventable; others, however, can be prevented. To reduce your risk of endometrial cancer, you can take the following steps:
Avoid smoking – in addition to endometrial cancer, smoking can also increase the risk of kidney cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer, colon and rectum cancer, cervical cancer, pancreas cancer, stomach cancer, and cancers of esophagus, larynx, nasal and oral cavities.
Adopt a healthy diet – there is an increased risk of endometrial cancer and consumption of saturated fats, especially animal fats and fried foods. In the other hand, a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and cereals (especially high in beta-carotene) reduced the risk of endometrial cancer and many other cancers.
Exercise regularly – many studies have shown that physical activities such as walking reduce the risk of several types of cancer including endometrial cancer after menopause. However, correlation between physical inactivity and endometrial cancer is not yet clear.
Maintain a healthy weight – it is shown in many studies that being overweight plays a major role in the development of all cancers. A Dutch epidemiological research that followed 25 000 women aged 40 to 65 years for over 13 years found that overweight among postmenopausal women, is one of the two main risk factors for endometrial cancer and endometrial hyperplasia.
Limit intake of estrogen – if you are obligated to take hormone therapy to reduce menopause symptoms, it is better that you take medications containing progesterone; progesterone helps counteract the negative effect of estrogen.
Limit your alcohol intake – moderate or irregular consumption of alcohol poses no risk of cancer; heavy consumption, in the other hand, is a causative factor for many cancers including endometrial cancer.