Endometrial cancer or uterine cancer normally develops when cancer cells form in the tissue which lines the inside of the uterus. It is most commonly associated with women who have gone through menopause but it can also occur earlier than this. As is true with all cancers, early detection and treatment is the best way to deal with this disease and eliminate the threat of cancer to that organ and others. There are a number of endometrial cancer symptoms which one should be aware of in order to seek medical attention before things get out of hand.
As indicated earlier, the incidence of endometrial cancer is higher in women over 50 who have gone through menopause. Those women who have had hormone therapy as well as obese women may be at higher risk for developing the disease since they tend to have a higher level of estrogen in their bodies.
It has also been found that Caucasian women tend to develop this disease more frequently those other races. And the previous use of a medication called Nolvadex which is used to treat breast cancer may also increase the risk of developing endometrial cancer.
Some important endometrial cancer symptoms which should be noted include the following:
- Abnormal bleeding from the vagina, either in between periods or after menopause can indicate a more serious situation and a potential development of the disease. It may start as a white or watery discharge which is streaked with blood and then increase to a bloody flow.
- If the disease occurs before menopause, a woman may experience excessive menstrual flow. Any changes in the normal menstrual cycle should not be ignored.
- The presence of lower abdominal pain as well as pain during intercourse may indicate a more serious problem and immediate medical attention should be sought.
As a result of chronic blood loss, anemia or low red blood cell concentration may occur. This can cause chronic fatigue and weakness, lightheadedness, difficulty in catching your breath, and a pale appearance.
If you experience any of these symptoms, they may certainly indicate the threat of endometrial cancer. So seek immediate medical attention to further analyze and diagnose the possible presence of this disease.
A variety of tests may be used to confirm a diagnosis including biopsy of the suspected tissue. If the cancer has remained localized within the uterus, surgical treatments are usually performed. This can include removal of a portion of the uterus or a complete hysterectomy. However very positive results can be expected and the patient should be able to remain free of cancer for many years to come.
However if the cancer has progressed to the point where it has spread to other organs, then surgical procedures may either be more extensive or have to be combined with other treatments such as radiation therapy, drug therapy or chemotherapy. If the presence of endometrial cancer was caused by the spread of cancer cells from other organs it is also much more difficult to apply effective treatments. But as with all other cancers, the sooner it is detected and treated the better the prognosis can be.