Fallopian tube cancer treatment depends on the extent and stage of the cancer, presence or absence of metastases. Your doctor can also consider your general health and age to recommend you an appropriate therapy. Knowing these details, your oncologist can determine which treatment is most effective for your cancer. After envisaging a treatment, you will be invited to participate in the final choice.
Most of the times, the treatment of fallopian tube cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. If the cancer is diagnosed early, your health care provider can use surgery alone or in combination with radiotherapy to treat it. In case of an advanced cancer, the treatment will include chemotherapy.
Surgical intervention is often performed to treat tubal cancer. Type of surgery performed depends on the extension of the cancer and its location. Fallopian tube cancer tends to spread to the uterus and ovary; your surgery can perform a total abdominal hysterectomy in order to remove the ovaries, tubes and the uterus along with the cervix.
If the cancer is aggressive or has spread to other organs and cannot be completely removed, a cytoreduction surgery combined with chemotherapy can be necessary. The goal of this therapy is to decrease the size of the tumor for subsequent treatments.
Chemotherapy is the use of powerful drugs to destroy cancer cells, or prevent them from growing. Unlike surgery and radiotherapy, chemotherapy attack cells in your entire body. Most often, treatment consists of simultaneous administration of several chemotherapeutic agents (polychemotherapy).
Whatever agents and dosage administered, the drugs must be strong enough to destroy the cancer cells but not too powerful to destroy too many healthy cells. In most cases, the chemotherapy drugs will be given by intravenous injection approximately five times a week over a period of three months.
The chemotherapy drugs always cause side effects; the most common include:
- nausea and vomiting
- loss of appetite
- loss of hair loss
- low sex desire
- menstrual irregularity
- increased risk of infections.
Radiotherapy (Radiation therapy)
Radiotherapy is a cancer treatment consists of using x rays to destroy cancer cells by preventing them from dividing. Unlike chemotherapy, radiation acts locally on the treated area. For women who have an advanced fallopian tube cancer, radiation may be used to shrink the tumor and make it possible to be removed surgically. Radiation therapy can also be used to relieve pain caused by a cancer that has spread into other parts of the body.
The three most common side effects of radiotherapy include:
- nausea and vomiting
- skin redness and pain