Liver Cancer Risk Factors

Liver cancer is a multifactorial disease; its occurrence is not attributed to one factor. The most common factors that may increase your risk of becoming a victim of liver cancer include:

  • Being male – men are about three times more affected by liver cancer than women.
  • Age – in North America, Europe and Australia, the diagnosis of liver cancer is frequently posed among people aged 63 years or more; in Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, however, the disease tends to affect people aged between 20 and 50 years old.
  • Liver disease – any chronic liver disease that is linked to excessive consumption of alcohol, hepatitis viruses B and C can lead to development of liver cancer.
  • Obesity – being obese or overweight increase the chance of having many types of cancer, including liver cancer.
  • Diabetes – studies have shown a higher risk of liver cancer among diabetic people than those who are not diabetics.
  • Hemochromatosis – this is a hematological disease characterized by excessive absorption of iron by the intestine causing its accumulation in certain tissues and organs; having hemochromatosis put you at higher risk of liver cancer. In addition, if you suffer from autoimmune hepatitis or Wilson’s disease, you have an increased risk of liver cancer.
  • Alcohol – if you consume daily for many years a large quantity of alcohol, you not only increase your risk of liver cirrhosis but also liver cancer.
  • Cirrhosis – liver cancer develops most often in liver affected by cirrhosis.
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) – any fatty inflammation of the liver, even when is not caused by excessive alcohol consumption, can foster the development of cancer cells in the liver gland.

                   Causes                                                                  Symptoms

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