Lymphoma Causes & Risk Factors

The causes of lymphoma are not well known, but some factors seem to have a role in its development:

  • Immunosuppressive therapy – immunosuppressive treatment can lead to deficiency of the immunological functions and the development of many types of cancer including lymphoma.
  • Family history of lymphoma – if your parents had/ have lymphoma, you are more at risk to develop it.
  • Toxic exposure – lymphoma can occur due to exposure to certain toxic chemicals such as dioxins, pesticides, benzene, and organic solvents.
  • Virus – Epstein-Barr virus may play a role in the occurrence of malignant lymphoma. Its role in cancer development has been established for the first time in Africa. Epstein-Barr virus is also incriminated in cancer of the nasopharynx (nasopharyngeal cancer).
  • HIV / AIDS – the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) may also facilitate the occurrence of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In addition, the following viruses can also be involved in the occurrence of the disease:
  1. a) hepatitis C virus (HCV)
  2. b)helicobacter pylori (Hpylori)
  3. c)human herpesvirus 6 and Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV 6 and HHV 8)
  4. d)Helicobacter pylori Human T lymphoma/leukemia virus (HTLV-1).

  • Immunodeficiency – certain immune disorders are able to cause hyperplasia of your bone marrow and in a number of cases, give rise to a lymphoid tumor. Some of those diseases include:
  1. a)lupus
  2. b)sarcoidosis
  3. c)Celiac disease
  4. d)Sjögren’s Syndrome
  5. e)hashimoto thyroiditis
  6. f)rheumatoid arthritis
  7. g)

Lymphoma Statistics                                     Warning signs and Symptoms

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