It is not always possible to prevent the occurrence of melanoma; you can however take steps to decrease your risk:
- Avoid tanning beds – tanning beds degage UVA rays that can penetrates into your skin and causes precancerous skin lesions; avoid them as long as you can.
- Regular medical visit – if you have been treated with melanoma, it is recommended that you have regular test every six months for two years and then annually. These preventive measures are needed to detect an early recurrence of a second melanoma.
- Check your skin regularly – check your skin regular to detect abnormal changes or changes in your moles. This is even more important if you were diagnosed with melanoma in the past.
- Avoid sun exposure – exposure to sunlight and ultraviolet radiation is the main risk factor for melanoma and therefore avoid them should be your first priority in preventing melanoma. In general, it is necessary to:
- a)avoid sunbathing
- b)wear protective clothes and hat when you walk under the sun
- c)avoid prolonged sun exposure between 10 am and 4 pm
- d)apply a protective sunscreen (20 index at least), renew every two hours and after swimming