Myeloma Symptoms

Multiple myeloma can remain asymptomatic for many years; the disease continues its physiological damage without causing noticeable symptoms. In most cases, signs and symptoms begin to emerge after a long period after the tumor is advanced.

Many patients find out they have multiple myeloma during a routine blood test or a diagnostic for another medical condition. As myeloma affects the bones of the spine, the first symptom is often a pain in the back, ribs, neck or pelvis.

The most common multiple myeloma symptoms include:

  • weakness and fatigue
  • easy bruising
  • paleness
  • weight loss
  • blurred vision
  • unexplained bone fractures
  • leg weakness or numbness
  • excessive thirst and urination
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea and vomiting
  • loss of sensation
  • headache and dizziness
  • purple patches under the skin
  • unusual nose or gums bleeding
  • confusion, disorientation, difficulty concentrating
  • frequent infections, mostly pneumonia, sinusitis, bladder or kidney infections, skin infections
  •  muscle weakness associated with decreased muscle reflexes.

            Myeloma Risk Factors                                    Myeloma Complications

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