Prostate cancer tends to grow without causing any signs or symptoms. It is discovered during blood tests – including prostate–specific antigen (PSA) test or digital rectal examination – performed for other medical conditions having symptoms related to prostate cancer(benign prostatic hyperplasia for instance). When symptoms finally emerge; it often indicates an advanced prostate cancer.
As the tumor grows within the prostate gland, you may experience the following symptoms:
- frequent need to urinate, especially at night;
- urgent need to urinate (urgency)
- burning or pain during urination
- urinary hesitancy/urinary intermittency (u rinary stream starts and stops)
- sensation of incomplete emptying of the bladder
- difficulty starting or stopping urinating, or inability to urinate
- painful ejaculation
- Presence of blood in urine or semen.
If the cancer has already spread into the lymph nodes in your pelvis or bones, you may also experience:
- bone fractures
- chronic bone pain
- swelling in your legs
- compression of the spinal cord
- Pain or discomfort in your pelvic area.