Unlike many cancers, testicular cancer can be detected in its early stage with no sophisticated medical exams. Most of the times, the tumor manifests by a mass in one or both testicles. That is why it is necessary for all men to regular do a testicular self-examination. The exam is recommended to be done after a hot shower or bath, because the scrotum is looser. If you find a hard part or the entire testicle is hard and bumpy to the touch, it is important to contact your urologist; it may be a testicular cancer.
In general, testicular cancer symptoms include at least one of the following:
- Presence of blood in semen
- lack of sexual desire or interest
- abnormal sensitivity to the touch
- general weakness and tired feeling
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
- a lump in one testis or a hardening of one of the testicles
- A burning sensation, specially following physical activity
- build-up of fluid in the scrotum or tunica vaginalis(hydrocele)
- lower back pain characterized by a dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin
- Sudden or inexplicable change in the size of one or both testes.