The prognosis of throat cancer depends on the stage of the tumor at diagnosis. Earlier the cancer is diagnosed, better prognosis it has. In fact, throat cancer can be cured in 90% of cases when detected and treated early.
Five-year survival rate of a cancer that has spread into surrounding tissues or lymph nodes is about 60%. Five-year survival rate of a throat cancer recur after total laryngectomy is in general less than 60%.
However, survival rates vary by age and race. The overall 5-year relative survival rate for 1999-2005 was 61.6%. Five-year relative survival rates by race and sex were:
- 64.0% for white men;
- 59.6% for white women;
- 51.6% for black men;
- 46.1% for black women
Death rates by races
The age-adjusted death rate was 1.3 per 100,000 men and women per year. These rates are based on patients who died in 2002-2006 in the US. In general, death rates by race include:
- All Races: 2.3 per 100,000 men and 0.5 per 100,000 women
- White: 2.1 per 100,000 men and 0.5 per 100,000 women
- Black: 4.7 per 100,000 men and 0.7 per 100,000 women
- Asian/Pacific Islander: 0.7 per 100,000 men and 0.1 per 100,000 women
- American Indian/Alaska Native: 1.9 per 100,000 men …
- Hispanic: 1.9 per 100,000 men and 0.2 per 100,000 women