Several factors can cause formation of cancerous cells in your body; fortunately, some of them can be prevented. To prevent thyroid cancer, you can take the following step:
Reduce your risk – if you have an inherited gene mutation that may increase the risk of thyroid cancer, talk to your doctor about a prophylactic thyroidectomy. In addition, if you live close to a nuclear power plant, talk to your doctor about medications that can block the effects of the radiation on your thyroid.
Other preventive methods –
- avoid exposure to high levels of radiation
- avoid excessive or persistent lack of iodine in your diet
- consult your doctor regularly if you have a history of goiter
- see your doctor regularly if you have a family history of medullary thyroid cancer
- keep your immune system
- use an air purifier if you live in an industrial or an high pollution environment
- stop smoking and avoid second-hand tobacco smoke;
- tell your doctor or dentist of any change in your oropharyngeal cavity that indicates cancer
- adopt a healthy diet – a diet contains 5 to 10 servings of fruits and vegetables a day may help reduce the risk of all types of cancer, including thyroid cancer.
- exercise regularly
- maintain a healthy weight
- limit your alcohol consumption;
- perform safe sex
- Reduce your exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or artificial tanning devices, such as tanning beds.