Also called endometrial cancer, uterine cancer is a cancer that forms in the cells that line the inside of the uterus. Generally, Uterine cancer develops after menopause; its evolution is slow, which makes it has a good prognosis. The main treatment is removal of the uterus and ovaries. In some cases, radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be associated with the surgery to increase chance of recovery. In fact, five-year survival rate for all stages of uterine cancer can be 90-95% when diagnosed and treated early.
The uterus is an organ that involves in the reproductive functions in women. It is a pear-shaped organ containing four segments: fundus, corpus, cervix and the internal orifice of the uterus (also called internal os). The uterus has a pair of tubular extensions called horns that debouch to the fallopian tubes, leading to the ovaries. Its internal cavity is lined by a mucous membrane called endometrium. The first part of the menstrual cycle is devoted to thickening of the uterine lining for pregnancy. If fertilization occurs, the egg cell (ovum) will migrate from the fallopian tubes and make its implantation in the superficial layers of the endometrium to begin its embryonic development. If no fertilization occurs, the uterine lining is shed during menstruation.